1. What is Vmware virtual server?
VMware Virtual Server is a virtualization software developed by VMware, Inc. It allows users to create multiple virtual operating systems on one physical computer. These virtual machines can run concurrently with a physical server and provide the ability to share computer resources, including memory, CPU, hard drives, and other devices.
With VMware virtual servers, users can create multiple virtual machines on the same physical server, each of which can run a different operating system and install different applications at will. This saves on hardware costs and allows users to make the most of the resources available on their computers. In addition, VMware virtual servers provide security and management features to help users easily manage their virtual machines.
2. How to create a virtual server Vmware?
I will create a new virtual machine using VMware Pro virtualization software on Windows 10 64 Bit operating system running on a computer that supports virtualization.
Step 1: Click on Create New Virtual Machine option which you see directly on the main screen
In the VM wizard, you will be asked what type of configuration you want to continue. Here, check the Custom (Advanced) option to check more advanced settings, and then click the Next button.
Step 3: In the Choose Virtual Machine Hardware Compatibility window, Workstation 17.0 version is selected by default because VMware Workstation 17 Pro is already installed. After configuring VMware hardware compatibility, continue by clicking the Next button.
- Installer Disc : If you want to use the operating system CD/DVD installation platform in the VM you create, you must select the Installer Disc option.
- Installer disc image file (iso) : When you add an ISO file with this option in the first step of creating a virtual machine, the VMware program automatically configures some settings according to the type of operating system you selected.
- I will install the operating system later : If you choose to add operating system installation media to the VM later, you must configure all settings manually. This option is mostly preferred by professional users who know all the settings.
In the Select Guest Operating System window, you must first check the type of operating system to be installed and then select the version you want to install. If you have a 64 Bit ISO file of Windows 10 operating system, you need to select “Windows 10 x64” in the Version section of this window.
You should write the name and version of the operating system you are going to install in the Naming VM window. Alternatively, if your computer’s storage device is large, you can continue with the location configured by default.
In the Firmware Type window, you can adjust the boot settings of the operating system. Here, the BIOS option is selected by default in older builds of Windows 10. Since UEFI is more common for newer builds of Windows, VMware Workstation automatically selects this option.
Also, select the Secure Boot option to make your virtual system more secure and persistent.
In the Processor Configuration window, configure the number of processors and cores according to your computer’s hardware specifications and click the Next button. Here you can configure one processor and the four cores are counted as averages.
In the Memory for Virtual Machine window, select the amount of RAM to assign to the VM and click the Next button.
Usually, Use Network Address Translation (NAT) is selected by default because it suits its main purpose. If you use the virtual machine for various network projects, the Host Only type will help you a lot here. You can revert your changes here later.
In the Select I/O controller type window, select the LSI Logic SAS option selected by default and click Next.
In the Select Disk Type window, NVMe is selected for the virtual disk type for Windows 10. In the latest versions of the VMware program, the NVMe option has been added, which significantly increases the performance of virtual machines.
There are three options in the Choose Disk window, as you can see from the image below.
- Create a new virtual disk : This option allows you to create a clean new disk for the system you are installing.
- Use an existing virtual disk : This option allows you to add the virtual machine disk you set up earlier.
- Use a physical disk : This option is recommended for advanced users. You can get more performance by adding a physical disk to the VM. With this option, it is better to install ESXi and create a VM on it.
In this step, there are disk configuration settings that you will make for the VM.
- Allocate all disk space now: With this option, the disk space assigned to the VM will be reserved from the host’s disk space.
- Store virtual disk as a file: This option allows the VM’s disk file to be stored as a single file.
- Split the virtual disk into multiple files: This option splits the VM’s disk file into several parts
In the Specify Disk File window, you can specify how to name the virtual disk in the storage location, but leave the virtual disk file name as the default and click Next.
In the setup step, click the Customize Hardware button to configure processes such as processor virtualization, adding an ISO image, or adding or removing new hardware.
In the Processor window, there are options that are important for the performance of the virtual machine.
- Virtualization Intel VT-x/EPT or AMD-V/RVI : Enable virtualization for clients on Intel and AMD based servers.
- Virtualize the CPU Performance Counter : This option is commonly used by developers of software that runs on virtual machines.
- Virtualize the IOMMU (IO Memory Management Unit) : This option interacts directly with the host I/O devices in the VM. That is, hardware with high processing power, such as graphics cards, uses the DMA structure when accessing memory directly.
If there’s a device you don’t want to use in your VM, you can remove it. Now, to add the Windows 10 ISO file to the virtual machine you prepared, click on the new CD/DVD (SATA) device and then click the Browse button on the Use ISO image file option.
Select the ISO file you downloaded or have on your computer and add it to the program by clicking the Open button.
Change the compatibility mode to 3.1 in the USB device settings to facilitate faster file transfer between the host machine and your virtual machine.
Check if the option ” Accelerate 3D Graphics ” under 3D Graphics in the Display tab is enabled. This feature allows you to use the power of your video card to use your VM with more performance. It also allows you to run high processing power software inside the VM.
Information such as the virtual machine’s hardware characteristics and installation location is included in the summary window. Click the Finish button and then continue installing Windows.
As shown in the image below, you can run the VM using the same “Power on this virtual machine” option.
After clicking the Start button, you will see that the virtual operating system has booted with the ISO file you added.
3. How to install VMware Tools
After creating and configuring a new virtual machine and then installing a Windows 10 system, you need to install VMware Tools to improve guest performance.
If you use a guest operating system without VMware Tools installed, you will experience a significant performance loss and the virtual machine’s screen resolution will not fit full screen. Or you cannot transfer files between the server and the client using the drag and drop method.
To install VMware Tools on a Windows 10 virtual machine, first click on the VM from the tools menu, then click “Install VMware Tools”.
If the installation wizard does not open in the lower right corner of the operating system, open This PC and double-click the DVD drive as shown in the image below.
When the VMware Tools Wizard window opens, click the Next button to continue.
To use the VM you created in the Select Setup Type window with other VMware products, select the Complete option and click Next.
If you want to change the settings, just click the Back button. In this window, click the Install button to start the installation.
In the status section, you will see the required drivers for the devices you are using on the server during the installation.
After installing the virtual desktop tool, click Finish. Restart the system for the changes you made to your virtual computer to take effect.
When you review the VM menu after installation, you will now see that the relevant software has been successfully installed. You can also check if the screen expands when you click View / Full Screen to run the Windows 10 client in full screen.
Drag and drop a text file from the host machine onto the client to verify that VMware Tools is working. If a “+” sign appears next to the mouse pointer as shown in the image below, it means that the file can be copied to the virtual machine.
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